The History and Difference Between IEC 61850 Edition 1 and Edition 2: Better Understanding the differences

The History and Difference Between IEC 61850 Edition 1 and Edition 2

The History and Difference Between IEC 61850 Edition 1 and Edition 2

The History and Difference Between IEC 61850 Edition 1 and Edition 2: IEC 61850 is an international standard for communication in electrical substations, primarily intended for power grid automation. It provides a framework for interconnecting various intelligent electronic devices (IEDs) and enables efficient data exchange between them. The standard was first introduced in 2004 as Edition 1 and then revised and expanded upon in 2011 as Edition 2.

The history of IEC 61850 is an interesting one. The need for a standardized communication protocol arose due to the increasing complexity of electrical substations and the desire to improve system interoperability. Before IEC 61850, different manufacturers used proprietary protocols, which often resulted in compatibility issues and added complexity for engineers and operators.

The first edition of IEC 61850 introduced significant advancements in the field of power system automation. It defined a unified data modeling approach, known as the Substation Configuration Language (SCL), which allowed for consistent representation of substation data and functionality. This standardization made it easier for devices from different manufacturers to communicate with each other.

In 2011, the second edition of IEC 61850 was published, addressing some limitations of the first edition and introducing new features. One of the key enhancements was the addition of a process bus, which allowed for the direct connection of process-level devices (such as sensors and actuators) to the substation control system. This eliminated the need for traditional analog and digital signals, reducing cabling and improving overall system reliability.

Enhancing Efficiency and Safety: The Power of HMI Software

Edition 2 also introduced the concept of sampled values, enabling the transmission of high-resolution measurement data from the substation to the control center. This feature opened up possibilities for advanced monitoring, control, and analysis of the power grid.

The adoption of IEC 61850 has significantly improved the efficiency and flexibility of substation automation systems. It has simplified engineering processes, reduced costs, and increased the potential for advanced applications such as condition monitoring, asset management, and smart grid integration. With ongoing advancements and updates, IEC 61850 continues to evolve and shape the future of power grid communication and automation. For more detailed information on IEC 61850 and its applications, you can explore the provided links.

IEC 61850 Edition 1

In the exciting realm of substation automation, the release of IEC 61850 Edition 1 marked a significant milestone that sent ripples of innovation throughout the industry. This forward-thinking standard sought to revolutionize the way substations communicate, bringing about a monumental shift from traditional copper-wire-based methods to a more advanced and standardized approach.

At its core, IEC 61850 Edition 1 aimed to overcome the limitations and complexities posed by the diversity of Intelligent Electronic Devices (IEDs) manufactured by different vendors. By introducing a common language and set of communication protocols, this groundbreaking edition set out to improve interoperability, flexibility, and scalability among substations, paving the way for seamless integration and streamlined operations.

With the advent of IEC 61850 Edition 1, substations were no longer bound by the shackles of vendor-specific, proprietary communication solutions. Instead, a new era of open architecture emerged, promoting interoperability and enabling utilities to combine devices from various manufacturers without facing compatibility issues. This newfound compatibility not only fostered flexibility in building and expanding substations but also empowered operators to optimize their systems, ultimately leading to improved reliability, efficiency, and cost-effectiveness.

Moreover, the successful implementation of IEC 61850 Edition 1 unleashed a world of possibilities in terms of system evolution and future advancements. As substations became more interconnected and interoperable, the foundation was laid for enhanced functionalities and the integration of novel technologies. This included advanced monitoring and control capabilities, centralized asset management, and seamless integration with modern grid architectures like Smart Grids and Microgrids.

Through its pioneering vision and unwavering commitment to standardization, IEC 61850 Edition 1 brought about a paradigm shift in the landscape of substation automation. By embracing a common language and fostering collaboration among manufacturers, utilities, and stakeholders, this remarkable edition has not only propelled the industry forward but has also set the stage for future editions and the continuous evolution of substation automation. Exciting times lie ahead as we witness the ongoing transformation and digitization of our power systems, all thanks to the transformative impact of IEC 61850 Edition 1.

This edition introduced the concept of “logical nodes,” which defined the basic functions and data models of various devices within a substation. It laid the groundwork for standardized data exchange, enabling seamless integration of devices from different manufacturers. Edition 1 primarily relied on traditional communication protocols like MMS (Manufacturing Message Specification) and GOOSE (Generic Object Oriented Substation Event).

IEC 61850 Edition 2

Building upon the success of the first edition, IEC 61850 Edition 2 brought several enhancements and refinements to the standard. This new edition aimed to address the limitations and challenges identified during the implementation of Edition 1 and to further improve interoperability and usability.

One of the prominent changes in Edition 2 is the introduction of the “abstract communication service interface” (ACSI) protocol. ACSI is an object-oriented model used for communication between IEDs, providing a more flexible and extensible approach compared to the MMS-based communication in Edition 1. Additionally, Edition 2 introduced the Sampled Values (SV) and Generic Substation State Events (GSSE) models, which allowed for more efficient and precise transmission of real-time data.

Understanding Substation Automation & IoT Concepts: A Complete guide for beginner

Furthermore, Edition 2 placed a strong emphasis on cybersecurity by incorporating advanced security features like authentication, encryption, and access control. This addressed the growing concerns regarding the vulnerability of critical infrastructure in the context of cyber threats.

Key Differences between Edition 1 and Edition 2

  1. Communication Protocol: Edition 1 primarily employed MMS and GOOSE protocols, whereas Edition 2 introduced the ACSI protocol as the primary means of communication.
  2. Data Models: Edition 2 expanded the data modeling capabilities by introducing the SV and GSSE models, enabling more efficient handling of real-time data.
  3. Cybersecurity: Edition 2 placed a higher emphasis on security, incorporating advanced authentication, encryption, and access control mechanisms to mitigate cyber threats.
  4. Flexibility and Extensibility: Edition 2 provided a more flexible and extensible framework, making it easier to integrate new devices and functionalities into substation automation systems.
  5. Interoperability: Both editions aimed to improve interoperability; however, Edition 2 refined the standard to address the identified limitations and further enhance device compatibility.

IEC 61850 Edition 2, also known as the International Electrotechnical Commission’s second edition standard for communication networks and systems in substations, has gained significant traction in the power industry in recent years. This standard has played a crucial role in advancing smart grids and promoting efficient power system automation.

By providing a comprehensive framework for substation automation, IEC 61850 Edition 2 facilitates seamless communication between various equipment and devices within a power system. It enables interoperability, allowing different manufacturers’ devices to work together harmoniously, regardless of the vendor or technology used.

One of the notable features of IEC 61850 Edition 2 is its support for the use of Ethernet-based communication protocols, which has revolutionized the way substation data is exchanged. With the widespread adoption of Ethernet technology, it has become easier than ever to transmit high volumes of data quickly and reliably, leading to improved situational awareness, monitoring, and control capabilities.

Furthermore, IEC 61850 Edition 2 incorporates standardized object models, such as logical nodes and data attributes, which provide a uniform representation of substation elements and their associated information. By using these standardized models, utilities and manufacturers can ensure consistency and compatibility across different systems, simplifying engineering tasks and reducing the risk of errors.

Another significant aspect of IEC 61850 Edition 2 is its support for the use of the Generic Object Oriented Substation Event (GOOSE) messaging protocol. GOOSE enables fast and reliable exchange of time-critical information between devices in a substation, facilitating rapid protection and control actions. This real-time communication capability is vital for maintaining the stability and reliability of the power grid, especially during fault conditions.

What is Remote Terminal Unit? A Basic Guide

In conclusion, IEC 61850 Edition 2 has emerged as a key standard in the power industry, driving the evolution of smart grids and enabling efficient power system automation. Its support for Ethernet-based communication, standardized object models, and GOOSE messaging protocol are just some of the features that make it a valuable tool for utilities and manufacturers worldwide. As the power sector continues to embrace digital transformation, IEC 61850 Edition 2 will undoubtedly continue to play a pivotal role in shaping the future of power systems.

Please note that this article provides a high-level overview of the history and differences between IEC 61850 Edition 1 and Edition 2. For a more comprehensive understanding, it is recommended to refer to the official IEC 61850 documentation and relevant technical resources.

Discover more from Sugeng Riyanto

Subscribe to get the latest posts to your email.

By Sugeng Riyanto

Substation Automation System Engineer

Discover more from Sugeng Riyanto

Subscribe now to keep reading and get access to the full archive.

Continue reading